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About the authorCathy Caridi, J.C.L., is an American canon lawyer who practices law and teaches in Rome. She founded this website to provide clear answers to canonical questions asked by ordinary Catholics, without employing all the mysterious legalese that canon lawyers know and love. In the past Cathy has published articles both in scholarly journals and on various popular Catholic websites, including Real Presence Communications and Catholic Exchange.
- Canon lawyers are not responsible for the content of canon law. The Supreme Legislator is. Only Pope Francis can change the Code of Canon Law, so if you're not happy with what the law says, please take it up with him.
Please check the Archives first–it’s likely your question was already addressed.
Unsigned/anonymous questions are not read, much less answered (why is it necessary even to mention this?).
Tag Archives: valid
Can I Make My Confession Over the Phone?
Q: My question is regarding the Sacrament of Confession by phone. I have always taught that the Sacrament of Confession requires physical presence. I wanted to look up the specific requirement and how “physical presence” is described by the Church, … Continue reading
Posted in Confession, Sacraments Tagged canon law, Catholic, confession, penance, phone, sacrament, telephone, valid Comments Off on Can I Make My Confession Over the Phone?
What Makes a Mass Invalid? (Part I)
Q1: My book-study group started talking about what constitutes a valid Mass. One person is under the impression that as long as the consecration is completed properly, the Mass would be valid. Another person suggested that even if a part … Continue reading
If I Become a Catholic, What Happens to My Marriage? (Part II)
Q: I was married in a civil marriage, and we are still happily married. At the time, my husband was a baptized protestant (Baptist), and I was not baptized. Recently I became a Catholic. When I converted, it was my … Continue reading
Posted in Canonical Issues Involving Non-Catholics, Marriage, Sacraments Tagged canon law, Catholic, marriage, non-catholic, valid, wedding Comments Off on If I Become a Catholic, What Happens to My Marriage? (Part II)
If I Become a Catholic, What Happens to My Marriage? (Part I)
Q1: Can I be received into the Catholic Church if I was not married by a Catholic priest? –Rachel Q2: I was divorced from a Catholic in 2012. Our marriage was not in a Catholic Church nor administered by the … Continue reading
Posted in Baptism, Canonical Issues Involving Non-Catholics, Sacraments Tagged baptism, canon law, Catholic, divorced, marriage, valid Comments Off on If I Become a Catholic, What Happens to My Marriage? (Part I)
Why Is the Priest Telling Me Not to Talk to a Canon Lawyer?
Q: As you advised, I spoke to my parish priest [about the invalidity of my marriage] and he “kindly and strongly” advised me on a couple things: 1) That I should not even be discussing this with you because you … Continue reading
Posted in Marriage, Parish Life, Sacraments Tagged canon law, Catholic, convalidation, marriage, parish priest, valid Comments Off on Why Is the Priest Telling Me Not to Talk to a Canon Lawyer?